Although Brazil is probably best known for its coastal attractions and beautiful beaches, you would be doing yourself a great disservice if you didn’t take the opportunity to explore its mountain ranges and cave systems. For a more complete experience of both, tour groups such as Class Adventure Travel and Brazil Adventure Tours offer packages for Bahia in Salvador and Chapada Diamantina. Joining one of these groups could significantly reduce the stress of planning your own itinerary. More information can be found on their websites.
Brazilian Amazing Mountains and Caves
1. Chapada Diamantina
Chapada Diamantina National Park is located about 5 hours from Salvador, and consists of a multitude of mountains, caves and waterfalls. Father Inácio Hill in the Sincora Highlands provides beautiful panoramic views at sunset of the plains. The highlight, however, are the unique caves that can be accessed by various hiking trails.
2. Poco Encantando
Poco Encantando, or the Enchanted Pool, is the landmark of Chapada Diamantina and featured on a large number of postcards. After a short hike, you would descend some steps and travel through a narrow entrance to reveal an open cave filled by crystal clear waters that reflect the light to create dazzling blue shades. The best time for visiting is from April to September, with daily tours being offered in the local town and main point of access, Lençóis.
3. Gruta da Torrinha
Gruta da Torrinha is a massive cave system that requires about 2 hours to see all of the cave deposits within. It is the richest in cave formations out of all the cave systems in Brazil. Flashlights are provided as light does not reach many parts of the deposits. It is about an hour’s drive from Lençóis in the opposite direction of the Enchanted and Blue Pool, with impressive waterfalls along the way.
4. Mount Roraima
Mount Roraima is located on the border between Brazil and Venezuela in western Guyana. It is a popular hiking mountain with an elevation of around 2800m, and has sheer cliffs overlooking the Guiana Highlands.
Pico da Bandeira, or Flag Peak, is a popular tourist attraction for its accessibility and beauty. It sits along the border of Espírito Santo and Minas Gerais.
Pedra da Gavea is one of the largest monoliths in the world sitting on a coastline, located in Rio de Janeiro. A giant dome reaching 842m above sea level consists solely of granite and gneiss, and slightly resembles a human face.