Australia
Ever since it climbed to the top at home in 2000, Australia has been fifth for three consecutive Games. In Rio, the Aussies are here to prove the 2000 glory wasn’t just an accident.

Swimming

Origin
It has been a Paralympic sport ever since the first Games in 1960 in Rome.
Rules and Objective
Swimmers start from blocks after the starting pistol is fired. Backstroke is the only stroke where swimmers start in the water rather than blocks.

Athletics

Origin
Paralympic athletics have been competed at international events since 1952, and been part of the Paralympic Games since 1960.
Rules and Objective
The three main athletic events consist of running, jumping and throwing.

Track Cycling

Origin
Initially developed by visually impaired cyclists who competed using tandem bicycles, it was introduced as a Paralympic sport in Seoul in 1988.
Rules and Objective
There are five types of track race at the Olympics: keirin, omnium, sprint, team sprint and team pursuit.

Wheelchair Basketball

Origin
Developed by injured servicemen from World War II around 1946 in the US, it has been contested since the 1960 Rome Games.
Rules and Objective
Games have four 10-minute periods. Teams must shoot the ball within 24 seconds of possession.

Equestrian

Origin
Para-equestrian dressage was introduced on the world through its Paralympic debut at Atlanta 1996.
Rules and Objective
During the competition, riders are not allowed to make sounds, but blind riders can be guided.

Shooting

Origin
First included at the 1976 Toronto Paralympic Games, with a disability-orientated classification system, which was changed to a functional classification system in 1980.
Rules and Objective
Athletes shoot while standing, sitting or lying prone from a distance of 10m, 25m or 50m from the target.

Sailing

Origin
Debuted as a medal sport at the Sydney 2000 Paralympic Games after it was demonstrated at the Atlanta 1996 Games.
Rules and Objective
Sailors receive points based on their finishing positions – one for first, two for second and so on. The sailor with the lowest score wins.

Rowing

Origin
Rowing wasn’t a Paralympic sport until the 2008 Beijing Games.
Rules and Objective
To prevent unfair advantage, the use of prosthetics and orthotics is regulated. Boats are adapted based on the rowers’ impairments.

Wheelchair Rugby

Origin
Athletes with quadriplegia developed it in Canada in the 1970’s. It debuted as a medal sport at the Sydney 2000 Paralympic Games.
Rules and Objective
To score a point, a player must cross the goal line with at least two wheels and have firm possession of the ball.

Wheelchair Tennis

Origin
Originated in the US in the 1970’s, it has been contested as a Paralympics sport since the Barcelona 1992 Games.
Rules and Objective
The only rule difference from the Olympics is that the ball can touch the court twice before it is hit back over the net.