Brazil
Currently at seventh place and holding a record of 21 gold medals won in London, Brazil hopes to keep climbing up the medal table – just like how it’s been doing so since Sydney 2000.

Football 5-a-side

Origin
First played among 5 athletes with visual impairments at the 2004 Athens Paralympic Games.
Rules and Objective
A 50-minute match is divided into two halves. Players are instructed by three sighted ‘guides’ including the goalkeeper.

Swimming

Origin
It has been a Paralympic sport ever since the first Games in 1960 in Rome.
Rules and Objective
Swimmers start from blocks after the starting pistol is fired. Backstroke is the only stroke where swimmers start in the water rather than blocks.

Athletics

Origin
Paralympic athletics have been competed at international events since 1952, and been part of the Paralympic Games since 1960.
Rules and Objective
The three main athletic events consist of running, jumping and throwing.

Boccia

Origin
Possibly the earliest game played by mankind, with roots in ancient Greece and Egypt. Debuted at the New York 1984 Games as a Paralympic sport.
Rules and Objective
Players throw their coloured balls towards the jack and they score a point for every ball that is closer to the jack than the best of their opponent’s balls.

Goalball

Origin
Created to rehabilitate visually impaired war veterans in 1946, it debuted at the 1976 Toronto Paralympic Games.
Rules and Objective
The team to score the most goals within two 12-minute halves, or win 10 goals straight after the opening wins.

Judo

Origin
Initially a martial art activity for practicing mobility, Judo was first included as a Paralympic sport at the 1988 Seoul Games.
Rules and Objective
In the Paralympics, judokas are not punished if they go outside the combat area.

Wheelchair Fencing

Origin
Developed by Sir Ludwig Guttmann at the Stoke Mandeville Hospital, it has been a Paralympic sport since the Rome 1960 Games.
Rules and Objective
The knock-out stage has three rounds of three minutes each or until one of the fencers gets 15 points.

Table Tennis

Origin
It debuted at the very first Paralympic Games in Rome in 1960.
Rules and Objective
Players compete in five sets and the first to win three sets takes the game. To win a set, one must score 11 points by at least a two-point margin.

Equestrian

Origin
Para-equestrian dressage was introduced on the world through its Paralympic debut at Atlanta 1996.
Rules and Objective
During the competition, riders are not allowed to make sounds, but blind riders can be guided.

Rowing

Origin
Rowing wasn’t a Paralympic sport until the 2008 Beijing Games.
Rules and Objective
To prevent unfair advantage, the use of prosthetics and orthotics is regulated. Boats are adapted based on the rowers’ impairments.