China
The absolute leader in the past three editions of the Paralympics, China has been consecrated every four years as an unassailable power in medal numbers. This definitely makes it the country to beat.

Athletics

Origin
Paralympic athletics have been competed at international events since 1952, and been part of the Paralympic Games since 1960.
Rules and Objective
The three main athletic events consist of running, jumping and throwing.

Swimming

Origin
It has been a Paralympic sport ever since the first Games in 1960 in Rome.
Rules and Objective
Swimmers start from blocks after the starting pistol is fired. Backstroke is the only stroke where swimmers start in the water rather than blocks.

Table Tennis

Origin
It debuted at the very first Paralympic Games in Rome in 1960.
Rules and Objective
Players compete in five sets and the first to win three sets takes the game. To win a set, one must score 11 points by at least a two-point margin.

Track Cycling

Origin
Initially developed by visually impaired cyclists who competed using tandem bicycles, it was introduced as a Paralympic sport in Seoul in 1988.
Rules and Objective
There are five types of track race at the Olympics: keirin, omnium, sprint, team sprint and team pursuit.

Powerlifting

Origin
Debuted as “weightlifting” at the 1964 Tokyo Paralympic Games until 1992 when it was decided that only powerlifting should be featured.
Rules and Objective
The barbell must be held upright with fully extended arms, lowered with flexed arms to just above the chest and lifted again with fully extended arms.

Wheelchair Fencing

Origin
Developed by Sir Ludwig Guttmann at the Stoke Mandeville Hospital, it has been a Paralympic sport since the Rome 1960 Games.
Rules and Objective
The knock-out stage has three rounds of three minutes each or until one of the fencers gets 15 points.

Shooting

Origin
First included at the 1976 Toronto Paralympic Games, with a disability-orientated classification system, which was changed to a functional classification system in 1980.
Rules and Objective
Athletes shoot while standing, sitting or lying prone from a distance of 10m, 25m or 50m from the target.

Judo

Origin
Initially a martial art activity for practicing mobility, Judo was first included as a Paralympic sport at the 1988 Seoul Games.
Rules and Objective
In the Paralympics, judokas are not punished if they go outside the combat area.

Archery

Origin
It was first contested among disabled people at the Stoke Mandeville Hospital in 1948, and has been a Paralympic sport since the 1960 Rome Games.
Rules and Objective
Archers must shoot three arrows and only have 20 seconds for each shot.

Boccia

Origin
Possibly the earliest game played by mankind, with roots in ancient Greece and Egypt. Debuted at the New York 1984 Games as a Paralympic sport.
Rules and Objective
Players throw their coloured balls towards the jack and they score a point for every ball that is closer to the jack than the best of their opponent’s balls.