Great Britain
The Brits are fighting to return to the top two in Rio – theylosttheir second place at London 2012 despite winning three consecutive times in 2000, 2004 and 2008at home.



Swimming

Origin
It has been a Paralympic sport ever since the first Games in 1960 in Rome.
Rules and Objective
Swimmers start from blocks after the starting pistol is fired. Backstroke is the only stroke where swimmers start in the water rather than blocks.

Athletics

Origin
Paralympic athletics have been competed at international events since 1952, and been part of the Paralympic Games since 1960.
Rules and Objective
The three main athletic events consist of running, jumping and throwing.

Track Cycling

Origin
Initially developed by visually impaired cyclists who competed using tandem bicycles, it was introduced as a Paralympic sport in Seoul in 1988.
Rules and Objective
There are five types of track race at the Olympics: keirin, omnium, sprint, team sprint and team pursuit.

Equestrian

Origin
Para-equestrian dressage was introduced on the world through its Paralympic debut at Atlanta 1996.
Rules and Objective
During the competition, riders are not allowed to make sounds, but blind riders can be guided.

Table Tennis

Origin
It debuted at the very first Paralympic Games in Rome in 1960.
Rules and Objective
Players compete in five sets and the first to win three sets takes the game. To win a set, one must score 11 points by at least a two-point margin.

Shooting

Origin
First included at the 1976 Toronto Paralympic Games, with a disability-orientated classification system, which was changed to a functional classification system in 1980.
Rules and Objective
Athletes shoot while standing, sitting or lying prone from a distance of 10m, 25m or 50m from the target.

Archery

Origin
It was first contested among disabled people at the Stoke Mandeville Hospital in 1948, and has been a Paralympic sport since the 1960 Rome Games.
Rules and Objective
Archers must shoot three arrows and only have 20 seconds for each shot.

Boccia

Origin
Possibly the earliest game played by mankind, with roots in ancient Greece and Egypt. Debuted at the New York 1984 Games as a Paralympic sport.
Rules and Objective
Players throw their coloured balls towards the jack and they score a point for every ball that is closer to the jack than the best of their opponent’s balls.

Judo

Origin
Initially a martial art activity for practicing mobility, Judo was first included as a Paralympic sport at the 1988 Seoul Games.
Rules and Objective
In the Paralympics, judokas are not punished if they go outside the combat area.

Sailing

Origin
Debuted as a medal sport at the Sydney 2000 Paralympic Games after it was demonstrated at the Atlanta 1996 Games.
Rules and Objective
Sailors receive points based on their finishing positions – one for first, two for second and so on. The sailor with the lowest score wins.